Office Pakistan

P.O. Box 1289
Islamabad, Pakistan

Phone +92-51-2803391-4
Fax +92-51-2803395


FES International departments

The International Policy Analysis

The Global Policy Policy and Development Department

Pakistan publications

You find all digitalized publications of FES Pakistan here

FES publications

If you are interested in accessing all digitalized publications of Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung, please visit the
FES Digital Library.

Please feel free to contact us if you are interested in a specific publication.


FES Pakistan emphasizes on quality publications based on social democracy, media, politics and related themes. These publications are produced in the form of books, research papers and short reports, very often with local partners. Some of the recent publications that FES Pakistan has produced are enlisted below: 

 Growth and Inequality in Pakistan
(Authored by Dr. Hafiz A. Pasha)

This book published by FES Pakistan office:

-Explores the connection between pervasive inequalities and fragile economic growth in Pakistan;

-Explains how a decade-long recession has amplified socio-economic inequalities, causing political instability and hurting the prospects of healthy growth;

-Advocates for socially-inclusive and environmentally -sustainable polices as pre-condition for robust economic progress

Retrieve this book online at:

Afghanistan-Pakistan Media Affairs : Challenges and Opportunities
(Authored by Rahimullah Yusufzai)

As part of “Afghanistan-Pakistan Journalist Exchange Programme”, FES commissioned a study on “Afghanistan-Pakistan Media Affairs” to Mr. Rahimullah Yusufzai who has been heading the Media group from Pakistan in this exchange programme. This study helps in analyzing the situation of Afghanistan-Pakistan media affairs and gives a number of valuable recommendations for state authorities of Afghanistan & Pakistan, media and civil society.

Check out this publication at the following link:

Decade of Democracy in Pakistan: Parliament 2008-2018-Context, Achievements and Challenges

FES in partnership with The Research Initiative (TRI) has produced a research report titled “Decade of Democracy in Pakistan: Parliament from 2008 to 2018”. The report on the workings of both houses of parliament during this decade of democracy is by no means the final effort on the subject. But it is a serious endeavour by a dedicated team of researchers to compile the most relevant data for a comprehensive analysis on this subject. We hope it will inspire additional research and analysis generating a wider debate on the performance and relevance of democratic institutions in the country.

Check out this interesting report at the following link:

Implementation of the 18th Constitutional Amendment:
Case study on the model of communication (Federal Government-Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Government)


This unique case study by Pakistan Institute for Parliamentary Services and the FES documents new communication vectors between the federation and the federating units. This study entails the 24 demands articulated by KP govt (in 2016). pertaining to the federal government in which the Senate of Pakistan played the role of a mediator between the provincial and federal government.

This publication can be accessed at:


SheConnects : Tech enabled women entrepreneurship in Pakistan 
(Authored by Sadaf Khan)

This report is a thematic exploration of tech based, women led startups, aiming to map the growing nature of women’s  interventions  in  tech-based  business  industry  and  the  overall  impact  on  other  women  in  the  workforce.  This report explores hopes, aspirations, challenges and ambitions of several women who have ventured into the exciting and exhausting world of tech-based business ownership.

The report can be retrieved at:

The Reform Agenda (Authored by Hafiz A. Pasha)

The results of the analysis and principal findings in this book have led to the identification of a comprehensive reform agenda, both short-term and medium-term. The focus is first on reviving the real sectors of the economy. This is followed by a set of policies and actions required to stabilize the balance of payments and the public finances of the country. The reform agenda then identifies the root causes of inequality and suggest ways by which these can be tackled. The final part of the agenda highlights fundamental improvements in governance required to support the process of high and inclusive growth in the country on a sustained basis.

The publication can be accessed at:

Pakistan and Economy of Tomorrow-An Analytical Perspective

(Authored by Ali Khizar Aslam)
This analytical perpective on economy of Pakistan is part of FES project on "Economy of Tomorrow".

This analytical report can be accessed at

Building the Economy of Tomorrow-A Project Synthesis Report

(Authored by Vaqar Ahmed and Abdul Qadir)

The objective of this report is to package results and messages of several publications and dissemination events of our project on “Economy of Tomorrow”, organized during the last couple of years. The project initiated by the FES offices in Asia and Europe in the aftermath of global financial crisis that had compounded economic, ecological and social challenges in most of the societies – is aimed to develop alternatives to the prevalent economic models with such socially just, resilient and green dynamic growth policies that can move societies onto a path of inclusive and sustainable development.

The report can accessed here:

Growth and Inequality in Pakistan (Volume-1)

(Authored by Hafiz A. Pasha)

The theme of the book is Growth and Inequality. These are the two fundamental problems with the economy of the Pakistan. This publication aims to enrich economic debate, draw the attention of decision makers and facilitate a new consensus on achieving more socially just, sustainable and green dynamic growth policies for Pakistan.

It can accessed at:

Position paper on "Implementation of the 18th Constitutional Amendment: Devolution of Tourism in Pakistan" by FES and Pakistan Institute for Parliamentary Services (PIPS)

This paper puts forth the issues related to the post-18th amendment devolution of toruism sector in Pakistan that has emerged to be a critical concern. This paper can be accessed at the following link:

Briefing Paper: Women in the Informal Economy in Pakistan:
Chalking out Ways to Bridge the Disconnect between the Feminist Movement, the Workers’ Organizations and Political Partie

(Authored by Dr. Aliya Hashmi Khan)

This paper briefs the issues of home based women workers in Pakistan and presents recommednations based on similar discussion. Also, it expalins the existing disconnect among the feminist movement, workers' organization and political parties in the country. This paper is available online in both Urdu and English languages.

It can be accessed at

Briefing paper on "Implementation of the 18th Constitutional Amendment: Regulatory Authorities" by FES and Pakistan Institute for Parliamentary Services (PIPS)

This paper is an effort to put forth the issues related to the post-18th amendment supervision of regulatory authorities that has emerged to be  critical concern. The regulatory bodies are independant authorities set up through legislation and given significant responsability for protecting public interest. This paper also brings in important set of recommendations for the relevant stakeholders

This publication can be accessed at:

Report of the Senate's Functional Committee on Devolution Process (March 2016-March 2018)
This report is combined effort of senate's functional committee on devolution process from March 2018 and the FES. It eloborates the important meetings and decisions by the committee during its tenure between March 2016-March 2018 under the chairperson ship of Senator Mir Kabeer Ahmed Muhammad Shahi.

The report can be accessed at

Paper on "The future of work in Asia. How can India create livelihoods in the digital age?"

(Authored by Marc Saxer)

This is publication from  FES office in India about the changing dynamics of work in India in the digital age and  can be of interest to Pakistani readers as well.

The author has investigated into the human economy that has vast potential to grow in India and probed into questions like how to build the skills needed for human-robot collaboration? What are the tasks humans do better than robots? And how to level the playing field to buy enough time to shape the Great Digital Transformation?

The publication can be accessed  Here

Report on "The Silk Road Economic Belt: Considering Security Implications and EU-China Cooperation Prospects" 
(Authored by Richard Ghiasy and Jiayi Zhou)


This report by Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) is the result of the project "The Silk Road Economic Belt and EU-China Security Cooperation", which was funded by and coordinated with the Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung (FES).
This report fills some of the existing gaps in discourse on the security implications of China’s Silk Road Economic Belt (the 'Belt'). It sheds light on what has motivated China to initiate it, and how it fits into China’s own evolving security concepts and interests. The report also examines current and possible future security implications of the Belt in two instrumental regions: Central and South Asia. Will the Belt contribute to stabilizing these regions or contribute to exacerbating drivers of instability? Based on these findings, this report provides policy recommendations to the EU.

This publication should be of interest to anybody who is curious about the 'what' and 'why' of the Belt, how it interacts with security dynamics, and how it interacts with the EU’s security interests. The report can accessed  Here

Implementation of The 18th Constitutional Amendment - Position Papers on Selected Subjects: Council of Common Interests, Education/Curriculum, Oil and Gas Resources and Provincialization of Civil Services  
(Authored by Zafarullah Khan & M. Idrees Khawaja)

This publication has been developed by PIDE in colloboration with FES. It consists of position papers on only four selected subjects that devolved due to the 18th amendment in the constitution of Pakistan. The 1st paper discusses some inconsistencies between the institutional structres of the federal and provincial civil services and desire for greater provincial autonomy expressed in the amendment. The 2nd paper reflects ambiguities created by the amendment mandated "joint and equal" sharing of natural resources of oil and gas between the center and provinces. The 3rd report discusses crucial governance issues related to CCI while the 4th paper puts forth the murky scenario that has arisen in the education sector after its de jure, but not de facto devolution to provinces.

The publication can be accessed in both English and Urdu at following links:

In English

In Urdu

Country Study: Feminism and the Women’s Movement in Pakistan: Actors, Debates and Strategies (Authored by Dr. Rubina Saigol)

In this study, Dr. Rubina Saigol captures the history and current debates that have shaped the feminist movements in Pakistan today. She takes the reader through legacies of colonial relations, nationalist reformation, development policies and neoliberal economies, includind new forms of militarism introduced with the global war on terror. In this changing political space, the sections around which women in Pakistan organized their political struggle for equality also shifted. Portraying the transformations of the political space across Pakistan's political history, Dr. Saigol sets the groundwork to understand the new divisions among feminists in Pakistan and how they have come to see or silence the intersections between sexuality, class, religion, race, class in the struggle for equality.

The country paper can be read  Here

Book: Local Government in Pakistan (1947-2015): Past, Present & Future (Authored by M. Zahid Islam)

Local government in Pakistan remains an area of prime concern. FES in cooperation with Sangat Development Foundation and Local Government Resource Center has developed concise book to analyze the local government system in Pakistan related to its history, functions and other key features from 1947 until the beginning of 2015.

To access the book, click  Here 

A report by Pakistan Workers Confederation and FES Pakistan on " European Union GSP Plus and Challenges of Labour Standards Compliance in Pakistan" 

The Generalised Scheme of Preferences (GSP) Plus is an agreement between the EU and Pakistan allowing preferential access of Pakistani export goods to EU markets for 10 years, has been in place since January 2014. This report presents analyses and proposals for the way forward that will make a genuine contribution to further the dialogue on different levels and support developing the required masures in achieving the objectives on GSP Plus. 

The report is available in both English and Urdu versions. They can be accessed on following links:

Urdu Version

English Version

FES Pakistan Country Paper on "Drivers of Radicalism and Extremism in Pakistan" (Authored by Khalid Aziz) 

Throughout its history since independence in 1947, Pakistan has experienced different kinds of radical and extremist movements. The "war on terror" fought by the US and NATO within the last 14 years- with a stronger emphasis on Afghanistan though- has brought several dynamics to its bigger neighbor Pakistan. This paper analyzes the drivers of radicalism and extremism in Pakistan, from religious factors, socio-economic developments to challenges of governance reforms. It also sheds light on the confusions concerning Pakistan's identity and gives a number of interesting recommendations for different stakeholders.

The paper can be accessed  Here

Manual for Journalists on "Understanding Local Government Issues and Effective Media Coverage"

Media House-Training and Reserach Center in cooperation with FES-Pakistan has produced a manual for journalists on understanding local goverenment issues and effective media coverage and also conducted training across KP and Balochistan provinces based on it.  

The manual can be accessed online  Here

Article on "Wage Policies in Garment Industries in Selected Asian Countries" (Co-authored by Philipp Kauppert and Abdul Qadir from FES-Pakistan)

Textile and garment industries have a long history in Pakistan and have provided important employment and business oppurtunities. The article from Pakistan covers garment industry as part of larger textile industry

This article is part of report published by Just Jobs Network on "Global Wage Debates: Politics or Economics?, which can be accessed  Here

Organising in and along value chains: What does it mean for trade unions? by FES (Authored by Michael Fichter)

Trade unions require bold new approaches to fight the power of Transnational Corporations. To protect the rights of workers and represent their fundamental interests, unions need to secure their local and national power base within and along global value chains. Organising within and along value chains  is more about recognizing and using the opportunities that referencing the enlarged context offers: greater policy insights, broader solidarity, and increased leverage for organising and collective bargaining. Thus, strategies need to be built on forming networks based on cooperation, trust and defined rules and responsibilities. 

To read more click  Here


GSP Plus Status and Compliance of Labor Standards by FES (Authored by Dr. Hafiz A Pasha)

Since the beginning of 2014, Pakistan acquired the status of GSP Plus, allowing preferential access to the European Union market for a high number of export goods. This study analyzes the current terms of trade trade between Pakistan and the EU, and points out potential trends and perspectives for industrial policy. The author argues that the implementation of core labor standards is crucial for the continuity of GSP Plus and for Pakistan, in order to achieve a more socially inclusive development model.

The publication can be accessed  Here

Social Europe in Crisis by FES  (Authored by Michael Dauderstädt  & Cem Keltek)


In 2013, Europe's burgeoning inequality remained at a high level. The catch-up process of the poorer countries that had been observed until 2009 was scarcely making headway any longer due to austerity policy and weak growth. Even though domestic inequality had worsened in only a few countries including Germany since 2012, Social Europes pledge of cohesion remained largely unfulfilled. Only growth based primarily on rising incomes among poorer population groups can provide sustainable prosperity for all.

The publication can be accessed  Here

Social Democracy Readers by FES   


Politics needs clear orientation. Only those who are able to state their goals clearly will achieve them and inspire others to do the same. In keeping with this, the Academy for Social Democracy and Friedrich Ebert Stiftung published three readers. 

In Pakistan, FES national office has translated the three readers in Urdu language which are being launched in different provinces in the country to generate the debate on Social Democracy in Pakistan. The links to the Readers (in English only) are as follows:


Reader-1: Foundations of Social Democracy

Reader-2: Economics and Social Democracy

Reader-3: Welfare State and Social Democracy

Future Scenarios of Pakistan-India Relations by FES 

As part of the Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung efforts for enhancing regional cooperation and peace in the South Asian region, the offices in Pakistan and India jointly organized a track 1.5 dialogue titled “Pakistan-India Peace Process: Scenarios for the Future” from October 13-15, 2014 in Dubai, United Arab Emirates.

During this trust-building dialogue, the dignitaries from both countries discussed the Pakistan-India relations, military cooperation and security management, bilateral trade, role of media and civil society on both sides of the border. 
This publication is the outcome of such dialogue and can be accessed here:

Publication as PDF

Economic and social consequences of privatization in Pakistan by Pervez Tahir


“In the context of the ongoing IMF program, the Government of Pakistan has embarked on a fresh program of privatisation of state owned companies and properties for reducing public sector debts and fiscal deficits. The paper critically reviews similar experiences from the past and advocates a vigorous role of elected representatives to uphold the social and economic interests of citizens, workers and consumers.”

Publication as PDF

Progressive Fiscal Policy for Inclusive Growth by Dr. Hafiz A. Pasha

Publication as PDF

FES-Economy of Tomorrow (EoT) Pakistan Case Study authored by Dr. Hafiz Pasha

Study as PDF

FES report on Islamabad Joint Declaration Launch on regional peace and stability

Report as PDF

Green Growth Strategies in Asia: Drivers and political entry points

Paper as PDF

Breaking the Bondage: Bonded labour situation & struggle for diginity of brick kiln workers in Pakistan

Publication as PDF

FES ”The Economy of Tomorrow” project published its manifesto

Paper as PDF

Report and Recommendations of the Media Commission appointed by the Supreme Court of Pakistan on reforms of media sector

Edition-1:     Report and Recommendations of the Media Commission

Analysis on General Elections-2013 by Philipp Kauppert

Paper as PDF (in German)

Monitoring of General Elections Coverage By Electronic Media in Pakistan

Publication as PDF

Monitoring of General Elections Coverage By Electronic Media in Pakistan: FES Study tour to New York by participants from India and Pakistan

Publication as PDF

Afghanistan-Pakistan Journalism: Afghanistan-Pakistan Journalists Exchange Programme - Understanding the Neighbour by FES

Publication as PDF

FES-Economy of Tomorrow (EoT) Pakistan Case Study authored by Dr. Hafiz Pasha
Since the restoration of democracy in 2008, Pakistan has not been able to profit from relatively high economic growth rates in Asia. Its external and internal political conflicts, in combination with the weak institutional framework, have resulted in setting other priorities than focusing on economic policy reforms. This country study analyses the different challenges for economic policy making on the way to the “Economy of Tomorrow”. It argues that Pakistan is currently standing on the “knife edge” which could go either way. But it also identifies the most important factors for change, with the objective to promote a debate about more inclusive and sustainable economic policies.

EoT Pakistan Case Study 

Green Growth Strategies in Asia: Drivers and political entry points

Green Growth Strategies in Asia_FES

Breaking the Bondage: Bonded labour situation & struggle for diginity of brick kiln workers in Pakistan

Breaking the bondage_FES

EoT Pakistan-Report of 1st panel meeting

EoT Pakistan

Regional Declaration on Afghanistan’s Peace and Stability

Declaration as Pdf

FES ”The Economy of Tomorrow” project published its manifesto
The Economy of Tomorrow (EoT) project brings together Asian economic thinkers with their counterparts from Europe to explore three key questions:

  • 1. What would an economic development model need to look like to serve as a compass for the overcoming of economic, ecological and social crises?
  • 2. Which discourse could help to level the political playing field for progressive policies?
  • 3. On which platform could reform-oriented actors join forces in a broad rainbow coalition for the political struggles over the new development path?

This paper outlines the EoT development model for socially just, sustainable and green dynamic growth, and begins to translate the technical language into a political communication tool.
Paper as PDF

Philipp Kauppert, Resident Director of FES Pakistan, is analyzing the results of the parliamentary elections which took place in Pakistan on May 11th 2013. Despite the existing threats and shortcomings, the voter turnout was historically high. The results will also help to continue the process of strengthening and deepening of democratic culture.
Paper as PDF (in German)

FES Study tour to New York by participants from India and Pakistan
A track one and a half initiative between a group from India and Pakistan, chosen for their wide and varied experience in understanding issues that impact their neighborhoods in South Asia, was held between November 4-9, 2012 in New York. Hosted by the Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung (FES), New York, under its Dialogue on Globalization programme, the four representatives from India and five from Pakistan along with FES country and regional representatives came together for a study tour of the United Nations.
Publication as PDF

Pakistan comes out with its second Media Barometer
With the Asian Media Barometer (ANMB) the Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung has developed its own unique tool of analysis, which allows for the assessment of the media landscape of a given country by a range of local media experts and civil society respresentatives. The ANMB identifies the short comings of the media situation and offers concrete recommendations for the media work of FES-offices and their partner organisations. After doing this exercise for the first time in 2009, FES Pakistan has published its second ANMB in December 2012.
Publication as PDF

Quarterly Monitor on Civil-Military Relations in Pakistan
January – March 2012
Publication as PDF

Quarterly Monitor on Civil-Military Relations in Pakistan
April 1 – July 2012
Publication as PDF

Quarterly Monitor on Civil-Military Relations in Pakistan
JULY 11 - October 10 2012
Publication as PDF

Eurocrisis : inequality is growing again in Europa / Michael Dauderstädt and Cem Keltek. - [Electronic ed.]. - Berlin : Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung, Internat. Dialogue, International Policy Analysis, 2012. - [4] S. = 105 KB, PDF-File. - (Perspective / Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung) Einheitssacht.: Eurokrise
SBN 978-3-86498-278-1
Publication as PDF

Germany's economy : domestic laggard and export miracle / Michael Dauderstädt. - [Electronic ed.]. - Berlin : Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung, International Policy Analysis, 2012. - 23 S. = 195 KB, PDF-File. - (International policy analysis) Electronic ed.: Berlin ; Bonn : FES, 2012
ISBN 978-3-86498-130-2
Publication as PDF

Discussion Paper: Development Funds for South Punjab (English/Urdu); PILDAT
Publication as PDF

New media Vs. Old Politics. The internet, social media and democratization in Pakistan; Marcus Michaelsen; FES
Publication as PDF

Asian National Media Barometer 2009; FES
Publication as PDF

An unfinished struggle: the tale of the women councilors’ network; Pattan
Publication as PDF

Other material on social democracy and politics in Pakistan (some available in print only)

- Balochistan Democratic Forum Annual report; CPD

- Score Card 13th National Assembly of Pakistan-The 2nd Year March 17, 2009 – March 16, 2010; PILDAT

- Citizens’ Report: Performance of the 13th National Assembly of Pakistan
- The 2nd Year March 17, 2009 – March 16, 2010; PILDAT

- How rich are Pakistani MNAs? 13th National Assembly of Pakistan. Key points from an analysis of the declaration of assets submitted by MNAs for the years 2007 – 2008 and    2008 – 2009; PILDAT       Publication as PDF

- Urdu handbook on party organization and intra party democracy; FES Training Module on voters’ educations for elections; PYF

- Report: AMARC/PPF Field Mission for Assessment the Communication Needs of Flood Affected Communities in Pakistan; PPF